The hottest the Belt and Road strategy is of great

2022-10-23
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The "the Belt and Road" strategy: it is of great significance to promote the process of world industrialization

the blue book on Industrialization: the report on the industrialization process of countries along the the Belt and Road jointly released by the research group of the Institute of industrial economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the social science literature press recently pointed out that from the perspective of industrialization, the launch of the "the Belt and Road" strategy, It shows that the industrialization process of a peaceful rising power is producing a greater "spillover" effect, which will promote the industrial upgrading, economic development and industrialization level of countries along the "the Belt and Road", which is of great significance to the promotion of the world's industrialization process

Huang Qunhui, chief editor of the blue book and director of the Institute of industrial economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that countries along the "the Belt and Road" are at different stages of industrialization, have different levels of economic development, and have formed different types of advantageous industries. These industries have also formed three different gradients, namely, technology intensive and high value-added industries (countries in the late stage of industrialization), capital intensive industries (countries in the middle stage of industrialization), and labor-intensive industries (countries in the early stage of industrialization, which will make the test results produce errors)

a countries along the belt and road are still in the process of industrialization

on the basis of existing relevant research, the blue book is specific to countries, refined to industries, and upgraded to strategies. It uses the comprehensive evaluation system of industrialization to measure the industrialization process of countries along the "the Belt and Road". The research results show that there is a large gap in the level of industrialization between 65 countries along the "the Belt and Road", covering all stages of the industrialization process. On the whole, the countries along the "the Belt and Road" are still in the process of industrialization, and most countries are in the middle and late stages of industrialization, generally showing the structural characteristics of "inverted trapezoid"

the blue book uses foreign commodity structure data and regional structure data to analyze the types of industrial output products of representative countries at different stages of industrialization, the supply and demand in the process of capacity cooperation, and the industrial docking potential between China and these countries, and systematically studies the cooperation foundation and cooperation pattern between China and other countries along the line. The results show that countries at different stages of industrialization can find different roles in the process of capacity cooperation and jointly cultivate a "new wild goose formation" model of capacity cooperation led by "complementary cooperation"

zhaochangwen, Minister of the industrial economy Department of the development research center of the State Council, said that the blue book chose the "the Belt and Road" to study the industrial development and cooperation of various countries is a very good perspective. The development stages of countries along the "the Belt and Road" vary greatly, with 65 countries ranging from low-income countries to high-income countries. The choice of the keyword "industrialization process" is also very accurate, and it is very important to study the industrialization process of the "the Belt and Road". In other words, it is of great significance to study the two keywords of "the Belt and Road" and "industrialization process"

Li Ping, director of the Institute of quantitative economics and technical economics of the Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that the process of industrialization is essentially a process of modernization. In the process of modernization, the continuous transformation of industrial structure has promoted economic development through the transformation of labor-intensive, capital intensive and technology intensive. The research on the industrialization process of countries along the "the Belt and Road" has grasped the fundamental and core of the "the Belt and Road". He spoke highly of the release of the blue book: "this is by far the best, most solid theoretical foundation and most practical report on the study of the 'the Belt and Road'."

b China's industrialization process is far from over.

"[during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's industrialization level has been substantially improved, from the middle stage of industrialization to the late stage of industrialization. This is of landmark significance in China's industrialization process." Huang Qunhui pointed out, "for China, which has entered the late stage of industrialization, its industrialization process is far from over, and the important position of industry has not changed."

in 2014, China's comprehensive industrialization index was 83.69, which is located in the middle of the late stage of industrialization. During the "12th Five Year Plan" (2010-2014), the average annual growth rate of China's industrial and chemical industrialization was 4.4. During the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China's industrialization level has been substantially improved, from the middle stage of industrialization to the late stage of industrialization

The report of the 18th CPC National Congress pointed out that China should basically realize industrialization by 2020, even considering entering the late stage of industrialization. In the context of the new economic normal, China's economic growth will shift from high-speed to medium high-speed. It is expected that China's industrialization level composite index will also reach 100 by 2020, so as to basically achieve the goal of industrialization

however, China's industrialization process is characterized by unbalanced regional development. Most of the eastern regions such as Shanghai, Beijing, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Tianjin have entered the post industrialization period, while most of the central and western regions are still in the middle stage of industrialization

in the 13th five year plan and beyond, the task of promoting regional coordinated development in China's industrialization process is still very arduous

Huang Qunhui said, "it should be pointed out that entering the late stage of industrialization does not mean the end of the industrialization era. Today, the whole world is still in the industrialization era. For China entering the late stage of industrialization, its industrialization process is far from over, and the important position of industry has not changed."

Huang Qunhui stressed that it must be recognized that the production capacity and knowledge accumulation contained in industry itself are the key to a country's long-term economic development performance. Industry, especially manufacturing, is not only the main source of technological innovation, but also the user and disseminator of technological innovation. After the international financial crisis, Europe and the United States and other industrialized countries recognized the huge problems brought about by the "hollowing out of manufacturing industry", and launched the "Reindustrialization" strategy and various manufacturing revitalization plans, including the United States' national strategic plan for advanced manufacturing industry, the German industry 4.0 plan, the French new industry French 34 plans, and so on, setting off the upsurge of the third industrial revolution

Huang Qunhui said that China launched "made in China 2025", which is of great significance to promote China's transformation from an industrial power to an industrial power, take a new road to industrialization, and deepen China's industrialization process

c the "spillover" effect of industrialization highlights

Huang Qunhui pointed out that China will basically realize industrialization by 2020, which will make the world's industrialization process develop by leaps and bounds, and the contribution of China's industrialization to the world's industrialization process is not only that

Since the international financial crisis, great changes have taken place in both the international economic environment and domestic economic conditions. International economic uncertainty has increased, the structural contradictions of domestic economic development have become prominent, and China is entering a new economic normal with slower growth, better structure, and power transformation. Against this background, China has launched the "the Belt and Road" strategy with the goal of a new pattern of all-round opening-up

initially, the countries along the "the Belt and Road" involve at least 65 countries (including China) in Southeast Asia, Central Asia, central and Eastern Europe. It is the longest economic corridor in the world and the economic cooperation belt with the most development potential in the world

"the the Belt and Road" originated in China, connecting Central Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, West Asia and even parts of Europe. It leads the Asia Pacific Economic Circle to the East and the European economic circle to the west, covering about 4.4 billion people, with a total economic volume of about $21 trillion. The population and economic volume account for 63% and 29% of the world respectively

Huang Qunhui told that from the perspective of industrialization, the launch of the "the Belt and Road" strategy shows that the industrialization process of a peaceful rising power is producing a greater "spillover" effect. China will work with countries along the "the Belt and Road" to achieve industrial capacity cooperation and regional economic cooperation at a broader and deeper level in all other aspects through "connectivity" through policy communication, facility connectivity, unimpeded trade, financing, and people to people connectivity, so as to promote industrial upgrading, economic development, and further enhance the level of industrialization of countries along the "the Belt and Road", This is of great significance to the advancement of world industrialization

d countries along the belt and road have an "inverted trapezoidal" structure

Huang Qunhui pointed out that the blue book summarizes the basic characteristics of these countries in the process of industrialization based on the evaluation results of the industrialization level of countries along the "the Belt and Road"

the evaluation results show that Nepal, located in South Asia, has the lowest industrialization level. The comprehensive industrialization index is 0, and the evaluation of all indicators is the lowest. Among them, the per capita GDP is 1345 US dollars, only 200 US dollars more than Afghanistan, which is the penultimate; The primary industry accounts for 34.3%, ranking first among 65 countries; The manufacturing added value accounted for 12.8% of the total added value of the commodity production sector, ranking the sixth from the bottom; The urbanization rate of population is 18.2%, ranking the last among 65 countries; Employment in the primary industry accounted for 66.5%, ranking first in 65 countries

Singapore in Southeast Asia and Israel in the Middle East have the highest industrialization level, and the comprehensive industrialization index is 100. Singapore's per capita GDP is US $58523, ranking second among 65 countries, second only to Qatar, and Israel's per capita GDP is US $27860, ranking eighth; Singapore's primary industry accounts for only 0.03%, the smallest proportion of primary industry among 65 countries, and Israel's primary industry accounts for 1.4%; Singapore's manufacturing value-added accounted for 74.6% of the total value-added of the commodity production sector, ranking first, while Israel's accounted for 63%; Singapore's population urbanization rate is 100%, and Israel's population urbanization rate is 92.1%, ranking third; The proportion of primary industry employment in both countries is about 1%, the lowest among 65 countries. The industrialization level of other countries is distributed in different stages. Except for the two countries in the post industrialization stage, one of the countries with the highest comprehensive industrialization index is located in Southeast Asia, nine in central and Eastern Europe, and two in West Asia and the Middle East. According to the index, Lebanon, Slovakia, Poland, Malaysia, Turkey, Estonia, Slovenia, Belarus, Lithuania Latvia, Hungary and the Czech Republic. In addition to Nepal, which is in the pre industrialization stage, the countries with the lowest industrialization level are Tajikistan in Central Asia, Myanmar, Cambodia, Timor Leste in Southeast Asia and Afghanistan in Central Asia

the blue book points out that on the whole, there is a large gap in the level of industrialization between 65 countries along the "the Belt and Road", covering all stages of the industrialization process. Among them, there is only one country in the pre industrialization period, 14 countries in the early stage of industrialization, 16 countries in the middle stage of industrialization, 32 countries in the late stage of industrialization, and only two countries in the post industrialization period. It can be seen that the countries along the "the Belt and Road" are still in the process of industrialization on the whole,

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