Target analysis of structural adjustment and mode

2022-07-30
  • Detail

Objective analysis of structural adjustment and mode transformation in the chemical industry

after the severe impact of the global financial crisis, the economy of the petroleum and chemical industry is recovering. However, industry experts said that the recovery does not mean recovery, because the original development mode urgently needs to be changed, and a series of structural contradictions urgently need to be solved. According to the petrochemical industry adjustment and revitalization plan, which has been issued for one year, the main objectives of the structure adjustment and mode transformation are to realize the industry from big to strong, optimize the raw material and product structure, improve the technological innovation ability and the technical level of energy conservation and emission reduction

the relevant person in charge of the national development and Reform Commission said that at present, China's dependence on foreign oil has exceeded 50%; Natural gas imports have also expanded with the increase of domestic demand. Therefore, it is urgent to improve the supply system of oil and gas resources. Last year, while strengthening the exploration and development of domestic resources, China encouraged enterprises to develop oil and gas resources and invest in factories solely or jointly overseas, and the results have initially shown. In addition, implement the integration of oil refining and chemical industry, improve the overall yield of light oil products, optimize the structure of ethylene raw materials, and improve the utilization efficiency of low-quality resources, low-grade ores and wastes. It is estimated that with the large-scale exploration and development of domestic natural gas, China's natural gas production will continue to grow, and is expected to reach 100billion cubic meters this year. At the same time, this year is also a year for China's ethylene industry to continue its rapid development. According to the project progress, it is expected that the annual new production capacity will be more than 2.5 million tons, and the total ethylene production capacity will exceed 15million tons for the first time

the current situation of high external dependence also exists in the field of high-end petrochemical products, while the corresponding situation is that the output of low-end products, backward production capacity and serious overcapacity have become the difficulties that must be overcome in the upgrading of product structure. Xinguobin, director of the operation monitoring and Coordination Bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the problem of overcapacity exposed in some (sub) industries of the petrochemical industry is the focus of the current industrial restructuring. To make substantial progress in eliminating backward production capacity with simple operation, it is necessary to improve relevant policies on finance, taxation, land and social security, and earnestly complete the specific objectives and tasks of calcium carbide and other industries in the near future

another important goal for the chemical industry to adjust the structure and change the development mode is to improve the product grade and level, including increasing the proportion of high concentration chemical fertilizers, expanding the promotion scale of slow-release and controlled-release fertilizers, significantly increasing the proportion of radial tires, ionic membrane caustic soda, high-efficiency, low toxicity and low residue pesticides, low pollution coatings and dyes, and further improving the self-sufficiency rate of high-tech products such as engineering plastics, fluorosilicone materials and polyurethane materials, The refining rate of chemical products exceeds 45%

last year, the output value of the specialty chemicals industry characterized by fine chemicals increased by 16.8% in the whole year, accounting for 24.5% of the total output value of the chemical industry, leading all chemical industries. It is expected that this development trend will continue this year. This also shows that the adjustment of industrial and product structure has achieved initial results over the years

it is understood that the rubber industry will focus on the development and production of products that can meet various foreign technical requirements and standards, increase energy-saving, environmental protection and intelligent rubber products, and realize the upgrading from medium and low-grade products to medium and high-grade products; The structure of phosphorus chemical products will also be refined and specialized to meet the needs of high-end fields; Strategic emerging industries such as new chemical materials and fine chemicals in new fields will also be developed with the support of relevant national preferential policies

as the most powerful booster of structural adjustment, technological transformation and technological innovation also need to rise. In 2009, China made a series of major breakthroughs in the field of new coal chemical industry. The world's first set of 600000 T/a coal to olefin (DM only needs measuring circuit without defect to) will be put into operation in the second half of this year. Meanwhile, in the three years since the implementation of the revitalization plan, complete sets of technical equipment such as oil refining of more than 10 million tons, ethylene of one million tons and large-scale pulverized coal to syngas will be basically localized. Breakthroughs will be made in industrialization technologies such as isoprene rubber and chlor alkali industrial ionic membrane. Demonstration projects such as coal to oil, coal to olefins, coal to methane and coal to ethylene glycol have been completed and put into operation. Technologies such as dry acetylene to PVC are more mature

the National Conference on industrial energy conservation and comprehensive utilization held not long ago made it clear that today in 2010, we will introduce to you one by one the specific goals of industrial energy conservation and emission reduction in 2010: strive to reduce energy consumption per unit of industrial added value by 7%, increase the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid waste by 1.5 percentage points, and fully complete the tasks of the elimination plan of backward production capacity determined in the comprehensive work plan for energy conservation and emission reduction of the State Council, Ensure that the energy conservation and emission reduction targets of the eleventh five year plan are met. The guiding opinions on the structural adjustment of the petroleum and chemical industry issued by the China Petroleum and chemical industry association also pointed out that by 2015, the comprehensive energy consumption per unit product of calcium carbide will be reduced to 1 ton of standard coal, and the yellow phosphorus will be reduced. At present, the types of sensors of electronic universal testing machines in the market include S-type and wheel spoke type to 7 tons of standard coal, and synthetic ammonia will be reduced to 1.7 tons of standard coal; Compared with the end of the 11th Five Year Plan period, COD emission decreased by 8%, ammonia nitrogen emission decreased by 15%, and sulfur dioxide emission in the process decreased by 5%

zhaojungui, vice president and Secretary General of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Association, believes that to promote energy conservation and emission reduction, we should vigorously promote the innovation of energy conservation technology and emission reduction technology, cultivate a number of enterprises and parks that have made remarkable achievements in developing low-carbon economy and circular economy, and gradually optimize the energy consumption structure of the whole industry; Monitor the whole process of chemical products from design, manufacturing, production, storage and transportation, use to waste, improve the public image of the petroleum and chemical industry and enhance the reputation of the enterprise; Actively promote circular economy, take the development of circular economy as an important starting point for adjusting economic structure and changing development mode, improve resource output rate and recycling level, effectively control pollutant emission, make positive contributions to energy conservation and emission reduction, and promote sustainable development of the industry

note: the reprinted contents are indicated with the source. The reprint is for the purpose of transmitting more information, and does not mean to agree with their views or confirm the authenticity of their contents

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI